Serbia

  • Serbia

    killing sites

  • Serbia

    survivor’s stories

  • Serbia

    Roma artists

  • Serbia

    memorials and monuments

  • Serbia

    endangered memorial sites

  • Serbia

    Roma authors and academics

Serbia – July/August 2016

Production in Serbia focused on several subjects:

  • Life of the Roma before WWII – Roma in pre-war Belgrade;
  • Mass shootings of civilians by German Nazis in 1941 when a huge number of Roma was murdered;
  • Resistance – participation of the Roma in partisan resistance;
  • Art as a carrier of Roma narratives: from famous Roma artists participants of the resistance in WWII, to current artists engaged in the Roma civil rights movement;
  • Lack of education about the genocide of the Roma;
  • Young Roma NGOs and activism;
  • State of commemoration and memorialization of the Roma genocide in Serbia;
  • Endangered memorial sites;

Participants

among others:

  • Rajko Djuric, PhD Sociologist, prominent Roma author and academic;
  • Dragoljub Ackovic, PhD Romolog, prominent Roma author, Secretary at the Office of Human and Minority Rights of the Government of Serbia;
  • Milan Koljanin, PhD Historian, Senior Researcher at the Institute for Contemporary History in Belgrade;
  • Zoran Tairovic, PhD Art Historian, prominent Roma artist and activist;
  • Dragan Ristic – Kal, famous Roma artist and musician, leader of the internationally known music group “Kal”;
  • Milovan Pisarri, PhD Historian, italian researcher with permanent residence in Serbia, author of the book “Suffering of the Roma during the Holocaust in Serbia”;
  • Zlata Macura, PhD Architect and researcher, author of several works on the pre-war life of Roma in Belgrade;
  • Biljana Stojanovic, Head of Group for Planning and Programming at the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Serbia;
  • …and others, including survivors, family members, young activists…

We are currently working on post production. The finished episodes will be published according the dissemination schedule.
Follow the news on our website www.tajsa.eu !

Meet our local partner:

Brank Djuric, journalist, Roma Editorial at Radio Belgrade

His goal: another 5000 episodes of Romano Them

Branko was born 1970 in Belgrade, Serbia (former Yugoslavia). He studied Journalism at the Department for Culture and Media at the Megatrend University in Belgrade. Since 2009 Branko work as journalist at the Roma Editorial at Radio Belgrade – a national public service broadcaster.

Radio program “Romano them – Svet Roma” in Romani and in Serbian language broadcast for 15 years on Channel 1 of Radio Belgrade. Since 2012 Branko is Editor in Chief of the program. Together with his team, Branko produces daily 40-minutes-program in Romani, covering all important topics relevant to the Roma communities in Serbia, Balkan region, Europe and worldwide.

In 2016 “Romano them – Svet Roma” reached an important milestone: the 5000th episode! This makes it one of the radio programs with longest and richest history in Serbia and the region.

Beside providing relevant information to the Roma communities, the program aims to communicate with the majority population as well, particularly when it comes to debunking stereotypes. One of the main goals towards the majority population is countering the image of the Roma and their culture usually heavily influenced by bias, myths and prejudices in Serbia, as well as other places in Europe.

Brank Djuric, journalist, Serbia

My Motivations

Identity and dignity

by Branko Djuric

Kao saradnik na realizaciji projekta “Holokaust nad Romima i njihov identitet”, imao sam privilegiju da zajedno sa ostalim kolegama učestvujem u prvom krugu snimanja obavljenog  u poslednjoj nedelji jula i sredinom avgusta 2016, u cilju  proizvodnje dve od ukupno 24 epizode serijala o stradanju Roma tokom Drugog svetskog rata, te uticaju koji na kolektivnu svest moga naroda ima sećanje na ovu istorijsku činjenicu.

U Srbiji gde je počela realizacija ovog projekta, začet je  jedan od prvih organizovanih pokreta otpora u Evropi koja je roptala pod čizmom nacista. Učešće Roma u ovom pokretu otpora i otkrivanje dosad malo poznatih činjenica o zaslužnim borcima i narodnim herojima romskog porekla, kao i znatan broj ubijenih u odmazdama nacista zbog jednog ubijenog, odnosno ranjenog nemačkog vojnika, predstavljaju specifikum kada je reč o iskustvu romske zajednice u Evropi tokom Drugog svetskog rata.

Prateći kao novinar svakodnevne probleme Roma i upoređujući ih sa ispovestima preživelih stradalnika i analizama istoričara Milovana Pisarrija, Milana Koljanina i ahitekte Zlate Macure koji su istraživali između ostalog i temu genocida nad Romima, odnosno život Roma u Srbiji pre rata, osvojen sam utiskom da je marginalizacija koju i danas kao Romi trpimo, zapravo latenta opasnost za neke buduće društvene krize velikih razmera u kojima bi pripadnici našeg naroda lako mogli ponovo da postanu žrtveni jarci kojima se umiruju bogovi rata.

S druge strane, raduje to što sve veći broj mladih iz romskog korpusa razume da društvena skrajnutost ne pruža nikakvu perspektivu ni u miru ni u ratu. Sve više njih vrlo pametno koristi mogućnosti koje im Evropa i država Srbija stavljaju na raspolaganje kako bi se uključili u društveni mainstream.

Projekat oko kojeg smo se zajednički okupili daje značajan doprinos svojom idejom da ojača svest o pripadnosti istom narodu a samim tim i osećanje dostojanstva kod mlađe romske populacije, i istovremeno da neromskoj populaciji prikaže slobodoljublje Roma i njihovo ravnopravno zalaganje za dobrobit čovečanstva.

Branko Djuric, Beograd

As a collaborator on the project about the Roma Holocaust and the Roma identity, I had the privilege to work together with other colleagues on the first round of production during the last week of July and mid-August 2016, with aim to produce two of the episodes of the series about the suffering of the Roma during the WWII and its impact on my people’s collective awareness and memory.

In Serbia we had one of the first organized resistance movements in Europe to fight against the Nazi terror. During our work we were looking at particularities of the experiences of the Roma during the WWII. We investigated Roma participation in the resistance movement and previously little-known facts about honorable fighters and national heroes of Roma origin. Also we were focusing on a large number of Roma killed in Nazi retaliations for each murdered or wounded German soldier.

As journalist I follow daily problems of the Roma. When comparing my experiences with the testimonies of survivors, and research findings by historians Milovan Pisarri, Milan Koljanin and architect Zlata Macura – experts who investigated different topics like the genocide of the Roma, or pre-war life of Roma in Serbia, I am under impression that marginalization that Roma still suffer is in fact a latent danger that in some future large-scale social crisis could easily trigger that my people once again become scapegoats which soothe the gods of war.

On the other hand, I am optimistic over an increasing number of young Roma that understands that social marginalization can not offer any perspective neither in peace nor in war. More and more of these young people are very cleverly taking the opportunities that Europe and the Serbian government are making available to them with aim to get more integrated and engaged in the mainstream society.

The project about the Roma Holocaust and the Roma identity we jointly work on can bring a significant contribution to strengthening awareness among European Roma of belonging to the same people. This also brings a sense of dignity to the younger Roma population, while non-Roma population can learn more about Roma as freedom-loving people that contributes equally as any others to the welfare of the mankind.

Branko Djuric, Belgrade